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The Library of Parliament often publishes better independent summaries. This enactment amends the Income Tax Act to establish a tax credit for the closure of oil and gas wells.
It also sets out a requirement for the Minister of Finance to make an assessment respecting the implementation of possible tax incentives for the closure of oil and gas wells.
All sorts of information on this bill is available at LEGISinfo , provided by the Library of Parliament.
You can also read the full text of the bill. Environmental Restoration Incentive Act Private Members' Business. See context Conservative.
Shannon Stubbs Conservative Lakeland, AB. Speaker, I am really pleased to speak about my private members bill, Bill C , the environmental restoration incentive act, which I introduced on February 25, earlier this year.
Although the world has changed in many ways over the past nine months, the Canadian oil and gas sector continues to face a state of uncertainty.
The families whose livelihoods depend on the sector still face what many say is an unprecedented struggle, with major anxiety about their futures and complete financial despair.
Entire communities are at risk because of the steady decline of oil and gas activity and historic levels of bankruptcies and investment losses in Canadian oil and gas, and that damage has rippled across the country.
Since , more than , jobs have been lost in the Canadian energy sector. It has devastated families and entire communities. There are many social consequences.
Never has a Canadian industry faced such a severe triple threat: global oversupply and demand drops, a collapse of global prices and a lack of market access.
Even before COVID, a combination of economic policy and legislative and regulatory factors in Canada led to a historic and major collapse in investment, small businesses and jobs, while energy sectors in the United States and across the country were thriving.
It is an urgent economic and environmental challenge for rural municipal governments, for landowners, on Crown land and in indigenous communities.
He said that the value of the land is at stake and is rendered literally worthless. Normally, orphaned wells become the responsibility of the provincial orphan well associations and funds.
Between and in Alberta alone, the number of orphan wells skyrocketed from to over 3, Today there are a total of 97, inactive wells in Alberta.
The Alberta Orphan Well Association has an inventory of 2, orphan wells for abandonment and 3, sites for reclamation.
Half of those wells are on protected farmlands and there are over 7, more inactive wells. By percentage, B. Saskatchewan has more than orphan wells and 30, inactive wells.
In Ontario, there are almost inactive wells that could become orphaned if more companies go bankrupt, mostly throughout the southwestern part of the province.
Overall, there are more than , inactive, orphaned and abandoned wells in Canada. That is why it is so crucial for the federal government to lead and to continue to take action on this national environmental and fiscal challenge.
There is no doubt that it is complex and it requires a multipronged effort from provincial and federal governments and, importantly, from the private sector.
I supported that one-time funding as a first step, but I think the government must adopt a permanent fiscal incentive to enable the private sector to raise funds dedicated solely to reclamation and remediation.
Such an initiative recognizes the financial and economic reality that Canadian oil and gas producers face, while it emphasizes the primary role of the private sector to fulfill the environmental duties inherent in their responsible development of oil and gas resources in Canada.
What Bill C proposes is a non-refundable tax credit that could eventually enable a flow-through share provision to encourage small and medium-sized producers to take action on the pressing challenge of suspended and inactive wells, and immediately create service jobs in communities and regions that need them most.
I hope Canadians will note that my bill applies only to small and medium-sized producers that are struggling the most, which are responsible for about one-quarter of total Canadian oil production.
These producers have, on average, one well for every 10 wells of the large multinational operators, which will not qualify for this tax credit.
In and , more than two-thirds of those small and medium-sized companies lost money, so it is urgent. The first part of Bill C creates a non-refundable tax credit that will help small and medium-sized oil and gas producers right away.
The second part makes the case for this credit to qualify for the flow-through share provisions of the Income Tax Act, which is the government's part to do, so that when a producer wants to raise money from private investors, the producer can attach the value of this tax credit to a share of the company, which is sold to an investor.
The investor buys the share and the tax credit, and in this way the value of the tax credit flows through to the shareholder. What this means is that the tax credit the producer gives up becomes the profit margin for the investor who purchases these shares.
That is a big incentive for outside private investors to contribute funds and capital to companies specifically for the purpose of decommissioning wells, even when the company's share price is not expected to increase.
Another reason this federal leadership is necessary is the Redwater Supreme Court decision, which was the right ruling but at a very challenging time.
One consequence, of course, is that the ruling dried up private sector sources of investment, compounding all the other challenges that are harming small and medium-sized producers in Canada.
Oil and gas producers are cutting spending and capital investment plans aggressively just to try to survive. I want to stress that, from my perspective, the growing number of suspended and inactive wells awaiting decommissioning is not evasion nor neglect by small and medium-sized oil and gas producers in Canada.
It is in fact a stark reality of their precarious economic positions. It is a consequence of all of the damaging policies that have undermined competitiveness and tanked Canadian oil and gas investment.
Therefore, it is the duty of the federal government to help figure this out. Smaller producers simply do not have the money left in their businesses, and if the status quo continues, they simply cannot raise the money needed to proactively address their inactive wells in the current conditions.
In , the previous Conservative government committed to ending inefficient and wrong-headed subsidies to oil and gas.
Despite the rhetoric from others, the current Liberals removed any remaining, as well as some benchmark industry tax treatment from oil and gas, but not other industries.
I support those measures. The previous Conservative government advanced the polluter-pay principle in Canadian law. Bill C reinforces the standard of polluter pay and protects taxpayers from the potential burden of billions of public dollars needed for remediation and reclamation.
The International Energy Agency does not consider this measure to be a subsidy either. It is not unprecedented. Alberta is calling for flow-through shares in order to allow the private sector to accelerate oil and gas well reclamation.
Premier Scott Moe of Saskatchewan has also made similar calls. Premier Jason Kenney advocates it to get the oil field service sector back to work while reducing an environmental liability.
Alberta finance minister Travis Toews supports the proposal. The industry wants to do its part to continue being a world leader in environmental stewardship and innovation.
Mark Scholz, the president and CEO of the Canadian Association of Oilwell Drilling Contractors also supports the environmental restoration incentive act.
Things such as flow-through shares The Lloydminster Oilfield Technical Society in Lakeland says that it believes Bill C, combined with changes to share structures within Canada, will represent another avenue for the oil and gas industry to repair the damage with which it has been inflicted, and that any positive environmental impact, in the form of asset retirement, will always be looked upon favourably by its group and by the industry.
In my view, the solution to this environmental and financial challenge must prioritize the private sector and should not be solely dependent on taxpayers through big government programs.
As a federal MP, this is just one thing I can do to bring forward a solution now. It would not fix every issue overnight, but Bill C is good for the environment, would help struggling small and medium-sized producers and would build an opportunity for immediate job creation for experienced, highly skilled workers in the oil and gas service sector now.
In order to make the greatest impact and to actually implement the flow-through shares part, I am asking all members to partner with me.
This must be a collaborative effort with all members of Parliament to succeed. During the last Parliament, I had the opportunity to bring forward Motion No.
I worked with all parties and secured support from hundreds of organizations and thousands of Canadians across the country. We accepted amendments and ultimately it passed the House of Commons with unanimous support.
My first goal is always to do what is in the best interests of the people I represent, for Alberta and for all Canadians. What ultimately matters most to me is doing the right thing and helping to advance meaningful initiatives for people, not politics and not partisanship.
Similarly, the current situation with orphan wells is escalating with many different impacts in western Canada, but I believe the objectives of Bill C are important to all Canadians.
The choice members of Parliament from all parties will have to make is whether the federal government creates a path for the private sector to address the surge in inactive and suspended wells to prevent adding to the number of orphaned wells, or leaves it to the Canadian taxpayers to foot the bill.
I want to close by saying Alberta has a long history, an unmatched history, of leadership on environmental stewardship and innovation in Canada.
This is just another small but creative way to generate jobs, address environmental concerns and protect taxpayers in Alberta and across the country.
See context NDP. Richard Cannings NDP South Okanagan—West Kootenay, BC. Madam Speaker, I know my colleague from Lakeland is very concerned about the problem of orphaned wells.
We are talking about inactive wells here today. I am particularly concerned about the flow-through share aspect. We use flow-through shares a lot in the mining industry to incentivize investment in exploration and development of mines at a very risky time in that development.
We want our resources to be developed, but it is risky so we give investors that incentive. Here we have an obligation companies have, which they have had since they started drilling the well.
We know it is there, they know it is there and we should not have to incentivize them to put aside that money ahead of time so that taxpayers are not obliged to do it.
I am just wondering why Canadian taxpayers should come in and foot the bill for companies that are just—.
Madam Speaker, I enjoyed working with the member on the natural resources committee in the last term. We need to address the situation we are in now.
This challenge is complex. It is primarily the regulatory legislative responsibility of provinces. I did work in the department of energy for the Government of Alberta, and as I have said internally and publicly, I think there have been lots of missed opportunities in the past regarding regulatory and financial incentives, business development rules and determining the definitions and outcomes desired for reclamation and remediation.
In the reality we are in now, because of the drop in investment, there is an increase of hundreds of percentages of orphaned and abandoned wells.
It is therefore our duty to partner with provinces to figure out how to solve this problem. Industry says flow-through share provisions are a tool that will—.
See context Bloc. Madam Speaker, much of what my Conservative colleagues have been saying just does not add up.
I remember a conversation I had with a Conservative colleague a while ago. He told me that what the Conservatives want when it comes to oil is not more federal money but less legislation.
They want the government to get out of the way. This morning, however, it seems very clear to me that my colleague's bill is not about making the government get out of the way.
It is about tax credits. Once again, the Conservatives are asking for more financial support for the oil industry, which has probably received more financial support than any other industry in Canada.
In my opinion, this bill is at odds with the polluter pays principle. My colleague says the bill is compatible with that principle, but that is not even remotely the case.
Madam Speaker, the member must have missed the first part of my speech when I said that this is not a subsidy and is not about taxpayers' money being given to oil and gas companies.
In fact, that is exactly what we are seeking to prevent. It is the Conservatives who are leading on this issue to ensure reclamation and remediation of all the outstanding oil and gas wells by enabling the private sector to use an incentive to raise funds from investors to meet these responsibilities.
I would love to see any Ontario or Quebec MP stand up and say they do not support this measure for the mining sector, for example, or for other industries in Canada.
The government needs to get rid of its antienergy legislation, remove red tape, remove regulation and allow the Canadian oil and gas sector to thrive.
However, because of consequences from global factors and its domestic decisions, this issue has been created. It is an enormous—.
See context Winnipeg North Manitoba. Madam Speaker, it is interesting to look at the reality of the situation. We have a national government today that is investing hundreds of millions of dollars in orphaned wells in an attempt to work with our prairie provinces to actually make a difference for the environment and industry as a whole.
Does the member not recognize or believe that Ottawa and Alberta need to work together to achieve good results? Madam Speaker, I do, which is exactly why I am bringing forward this legislation.
I look forward to the member working with this Albertan to help get the private sector funding into the industry that is required for full remediation and reclamation of oil and gas wells in Canada, and to protect taxpayers.
However, the member is not correct. The reality is that oil and gas investment, because of the government's policies in this country, is plummeting, and companies can no longer get private sector investment to meet their environmental responsibilities while they develop the resource.
It is the government's job to help fix that. See context Liberal. Julie Dzerowicz Liberal Davenport, ON. Madam Speaker, it is an absolute pleasure for me to rise in this venerable House to speak to Bill C , an act to amend the Income Tax Act, a private member's bill sponsored by the hon.
Not only do I appreciate the opportunity to participate in today's debate, but I would like to thank the hon. The federal government knows that COVID has been a profound shock to our economy and has dramatically changed the way we go about our daily lives, especially for those working in Canada's energy sector.
Right now, oil and gas workers and their families are struggling because of things that are beyond their control. Both the devastating effects of the pandemic and the low prices caused by a surge in global crude oil supplies are a challenge.
FIRST READING, February 25, SUMMARY This enactment amends the Income Tax Act to establish a tax credit for the closure of oil and gas wells.
It also sets out a requirement for the Minister of Finance to make an assessment respecting the implementation of possible tax incentives for the closure of oil and gas wells.
Available on the House of Commons website at the following address:. Her Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate and House of Commons of Canada, enacts as follows:.
Short Title. Short title. Income Tax Act. There is web design. There are slot attendants, cashiers, and blackjack dealers in a casino, and also industries outside that which are related to tourism.
I apologize for my voice, Mr. Speaker, but I was coaching hockey this weekend and it is hard to get year-olds and year-olds off the ice.
I would say to my colleagues that it is a lot of fun but it takes a lot of energy. When we look at the sports information industry itself, we see online sports information, statisticians, odds-makers, journalists, web-tech supporters, and marketing.
All those things are so important for our value-added economy. They are also jobs where people can actually have benefits, a salary, and contribute to a pension, something all of us in this House agree should happen.
Often there are pensions that relate to the private sector, a growth sector where we need to have pensions for the sustainability of our economy.
This bill has a number of different elements which the provinces could choose if they wanted to. There is nothing in this bill that would make the provinces do anything.
It is all about choice. Right now in the federal Criminal Code there is a prohibition to betting on a single event sport or games.
To do that, people go to the underground economy, whether it be organized crime or other types of venues, or with the click of a mouse they can go offshore somewhere.
Canadians, Americans, and people across this planet enjoy single wager sports. All that revenue is lost, unaccounted for, and does not lead to the results we need as a country.
With that type of revenue stream, we would also have accountability. Most important, we would have the reduction of crimes committed from this unregulated activity.
We take that element and create jobs that have taxable income, that pay benefits, that deliver pensions, that bring in tourism. It would ensure that the billions of dollars of infrastructure that we have in our gaming facilities would be protected.
This is coming to the United States. It is not just Nevada that has a toehold and is alone in this. There are others, like New Jersey, that are moving toward this target, and others will soon follow.
There is no doubt about it. Coming from Windsor, I can say that we watched as the province twiddled its thumbs about building a new conference centre, and Detroit went ahead and did it and took our market share quite significantly.
We still do well with a good brand, a good industry, and most important, great customer service that creates a number of jobs. However, if we do not do this, we will lose out.
We will lose billions of taxpayer dollars in infrastructure. That is not smart. When we think about having a regulated environment, it is not just somebody in a bar, in a back room, or a basement who collects these bets.
We are talking about going to gaming authorities of the provinces that choose to do so where they have age controls. Right now, if people want to make a single sports bet in our country, does anyone think that organized crime, bookies, or agents are carding people to make sure they are 18 years of age?
I do not think so. I do not think that is happening. They will prey on those who want to bet. With legalized regulated betting, there are age controls in place, sports security in place, monitoring of lines, and regular wager bets that take place.
That is accountability. Gaming authorities across Canada are the largest contributors to player education programs and self-exclusion programs.
People can actually go to the websites of the provinces that regulate this and get face identification. That is important.
If people want to opt out of gaming and tell the associations they want to be prohibited from entering into casinos or other betting venues, they are allowed to do that.
They can do it in the privacy of their homes. It is a self-awareness protection program. There is staff training that takes place to ensure that does not happen.
The scope of criminal activity associated with organized crime is best detailed by a quote that I have by Detective Inspector L. Moodie, who spoke at a Gambling, Law Enforcement Systems Issues Conference.
He stated:. Illegal gambling, while appearing to be a minor part of a Traditional Organized Crime Illegal bookmaking, card dens and video gambling machines are Traditional Organized Crime's main source of revenue.
Illegal gambling and related crimes such as loan sharking, money laundering and corruption provide working capital to invest in more legitimate enterprises, thereby strengthening their entire illicit operation.
They use that to transfer the funds to other operations, sometimes legal, sometimes not. At least 8 murders have been committed in the Toronto area over the past 3 years that can be directly related to Organized Crime members dealing with the illegal gambling industry, whether by gambling debts or turf wars between the different Organized Crime Groups.
Plain and simple, there is a direct correlation. Do we allow this to simply happen, or do we take a stand here today and decide as members that we are not going to spend revenue on an issue.
We get a lot of those bills, and that happens, which is a good thing, because they are good issues about changing Canada. That is not a criticism.
However, in this unique case, we have found in all the evidence that we are simply shifting money away from organized crime and offshore accounts and putting it toward our public systems that are important.
By the way, the offshore accounts are not insignificant. If we were to google Canadian sports betting sites, does anyone know many hits we would get?
We would get , hits for sports betting sites alone. On Canadian sports betting sites alone, we would get hits including Bodog, bet, Pinnacle, and Betway.
Even more importantly, if we look at organizations, the NBA, for example, supports a regulated environment. It is saying it wants to be regulated to ensure that the quality of its product is not influenced by illegal factors.
Knowing that this is the future, it wants to work with the government to do it. We could go to other sites, like the NHL site DraftKings.
We could go on the NHL site right now and actually make a bet on the DraftKings website. There have been major issues raised in the United States, other provinces, and other jurisdictions around the world that are now concerned with this unregulated environment that has no accountability.
Forget about the Isle of Man, the Bahama issues, the Panama papers. We are talking about an annual stream of sports wagering that, if we do nothing, will continue to fester and undermine the intentions of the House and other provincial houses that are asking for this.
They are asking for the right to do this. All we are doing is allowing that facilitation. I do not understand. I can bet on three games in Ontario, which I will most likely lose, because with my betting skill that is usually what happens.
I could bet on two games, which again would result in the same situation, I am sure. I can pretty well guarantee the success of an other team because I would pick the team that loses, on a single sports bet.
That is, unfortunately, my history. In all seriousness, it does not make any sense. It was borne from the frustration of dealing with problems from a time long past.
Today we need to deal with reality, and that reality has been brought together. In conclusion, because the bill does not require that money be spent but would create new revenue, it is supported by the Canadian Labour Congress and the Canadian Chamber of Commerce.
It is very unique, very real, and it would be very wise for us to move it forward. See context Charlottetown P. Sean Casey Liberal Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada.
Speaker, I would like to thank my colleague for the passion that he brings to this topic. I know it is extremely important to his riding.
I was there for the debate in the last Parliament when Joe Comartin brought the bill in, which passed on a voice vote and then went to the Senate.
It encountered some considerable headwinds at the Senate. It actually went to committee for study, as my hon. The Senate heard from the NCAA, the National Hockey League, the National Football League, and the Toronto Blue Jays on behalf of major league baseball, all of whom expressed concerns that this would affect the integrity of the game.
In fairness, I would invite my colleague to speak to those concerns that were raised at the Senate committee. I fully expect that he is aware of them, and the House should be as well.
Speaker, it would be great to have the Final Four in Canada. However, the NCAA is not really coming to our country, aside from a few exhibition games between colleges and universities that are not even sanctioned, so I would not give that much credibility in the sense that it is a product and a situation that is foreign to us.
It would be like us having a sports team over here, an association, demanding something in the U. That is one take on it. I am glad my hon.
The NHL still has concerns. However, people can use their app to go to the NHL's website right now and bet on DraftKings. With respect to the integrity of the game, historically there have been problems with some sporting issues.
There is no doubt about that. However, those problems were reined in by the development of the association. Most importantly, it has important issues to deal with, such as concussions and accountability.
In the case of the NFL, it is the same issue. After a few games in Toronto, it was dealing with concussions as well, and other issues.
However, it has its voice, another product that is not in our country. Lastly, if the Toronto Blue Jays and major league baseball are okay in Vegas, why are they not okay here?
See context Conservative. Gord Brown Conservative Leeds—Grenville—Thousand Islands and Rideau Lakes, ON. Speaker, I commend the member on his efforts to get this bill through.
I know it is the second time that he has had it in front of the House. We just had a question asked about the National Hockey League. In the last year or so, we have been hearing about the potential expansion of the NHL, which I am really excited about.
I am hoping it means we will have another team in Canada. Hopefully we will have an NHL team from Canada in the playoffs in the next season.
However, it appears that the city of Las Vegas is in the running right now. It looks as though it is very likely to get a National Hockey League team.
Therefore, I ask the member what his views are on what the National Hockey League has had to say about this bill. Speaker, probably one of the most important things to note that I have heard so far in this session is the member's statement with respect to getting a Canadian team back into the playoffs.
We are all in remorse. I sincerely thank the member for his question, because it is interesting that the NHL is allowing organizing and growth to take place in Las Vegas and at the same time saying no to Canadians for a product that it allows in the United States.
That does not sound right. As well, guess where a lot of the NHL awards are held? That would be in Vegas.
See context Green. Elizabeth May Green Saanich—Gulf Islands, BC. Speaker, I also want to thank my friend from Windsor West for bringing this bill forward again.
I thank Joe Comartin, a former colleague and a friend, for initially bringing it forward. As someone who is essentially opposed to gambling and concerned about gambling addiction, it is is an entire educational experience for me to realize that there is an underground economy that is fuelling organized crime.
I would ask my friend to comment on this, because there is a lot of literature on it. How does his bill—which I fully support, and I want to ensure that I say that while I have a chance—help us address the problem of gambling addictions when we are, in a sense, creating a legal form of single-event betting?
I appreciate that very important question, Mr. There is a couple of ways we would tackle it. If we go to offices, workshops, go online, or any place, there is usually some type of gaming going on.
Sometimes it ends up being a single sport event. Look at the final four brackets that everyone has at work and all that kind of stuff. It leads to one event at the end of the day.
Therefore, that is happening. The studies show that we will shift revenue away from organized crime and put it toward a regulated market.
In the regulated provincial markets there are avenues, money and support from the revenue that comes in to problem gaming. Therefore, problem gaming finally gets a revenue stream.
I do not think anybody from organized crime is writing a cheque for problem gaming. Speaker, I am rising today to contribute to the debate on Bill C , an act to amend the Criminal Code with regard to sports betting, sponsored by the member for Windsor West.
During my remarks, I will be highlighting the concerns I have with the proposed reforms. The government will be opposing the bill.
As Canadian law now stands, single-event sports betting is illegal. However, provinces and territories may offer another type of sports betting, known as parlay betting, to their residents.
Parlay betting requires the bettor to correctly predict the outcome for a number of games in order to win. Parlay betting offers bettors an opportunity to participate in a legal and provincially or territorially controlled betting environment.
Single-event sports betting involves betting on the outcome of one single game, such as a game in the Stanley Cup finals. This private member's bill proposes to repeal paragraph 4 b of the Criminal Code, which prohibits betting on a single sporting event.
If enacted, the amendment would allow a province or territory to offer this type of betting, if it chose to do so. In Canada, provinces are responsible for operating, licensing, and regulating most legal forms of lottery schemes.
Each province determines the types, amount, and location of this kind of gambling activity within the province.
If single-event sports betting were permitted, each province would be left to determine how to implement this reform. There are a whole host of issues that need to be considered when looking at legislative changes to the gambling provisions in the Criminal Code.
The impact of Bill C on issues such as match-fixing and problem gaming would be best examined in conjunction with provinces and territories, which would be responsible for single-event sports betting.
The amendment proposed in Bill C may be familiar to many parliamentarians because the same reform was proposed in former private member's Bill C and before that in former private member's Bill C , both of which were sponsored by Joe Comartin , the former member for Windsor—Tecumseh.
During debate and committee study of Bill C in the Senate, senators and witnesses raised concerns with regard to the proposed reform. For example, the Senate Standing Committee on Justice and Human Rights considered Bill C in , and it heard that the NCAA, the National Football League, the National Hockey League, and the Toronto Blue Jays, on behalf of Major League Baseball, were all against this proposed reform.
The major concern for these leagues was that the proposed reform could affect the integrity of their games.
The government shares these same concerns. It is possible, as suggested by many sports leagues, that legalizing single-event sports betting could encourage gamblers to fix games, especially in areas where players do not earn a lot of money and may be more susceptible to bribes.
The current parlay system of betting makes it unattractive to fix a game, because the only way to achieve a guaranteed payout would be to rig multiple events, which would be much more difficult to accomplish.
Single-event sports betting would make a fraudster's task easier, since only one event would need to be fixed. I believe it is very important to ensure that the integrity of the game is sedulously fostered, and I believe that we should oppose legislation that may significantly affect this integrity.
One of the sponsor's stated objectives is to stimulate the economy and to bring American consumers to Canada.
The provinces and territories would stand to gain economic benefits from the proposed reform, but the question arises: at what cost and, specifically, at what social cost?
In , the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health in Toronto filed a letter with the Senate committee studying the former Bill C and indicated that the empirical evidence in the field demonstrated that an increase in legal gambling opportunities could lead to an increase in problem gambling.
The letter indicated a concern for sports betting in particular. However when they did, they were more likely to experience problems than those in higher income brackets.
These statistics indicate that the cohort of Canadians in the lower income bracket who gamble are the most vulnerable for experiencing problem gambling issues.
As well, individuals who live at or below the poverty line have little or no disposable income to spend on gambling.
The amount spent on gambling takes a bigger bite out of their monthly budget. Opposing this bill means protecting our most vulnerable citizens.
The Centre for Addiction and Mental Health also demonstrated that people, now patrons of illegal bookmakers, would likely continue to do so because of easy access to credit, convenience, and better odds.We need to take the energy transition into account in today's discussion, and I think that Racebets App support for the oil industry harkens Poker Karten Regeln to another era, especially today. Organized Sieger Promi Big Brother will get the biggest single corporate tax cut from the government. Tax writeoffs only work when enough money is being made to have to pay some tax.