Aztec

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Aztec

Aztec ist eine Kleinstadt im Nordwesten des US-Bundesstaates New Mexico im San Juan County. Aztec hat Einwohner und eine Fläche von 25,4 km². Aztec. Alle Bauelemente waren bei den Azteken exakt gleich. Wer glaubt, die mächtigen Stufenpyramiden seien aus einzelnen Steinblöcken zusammengesetzt. Sichern Sie sich tolle Angebote und buchen Sie Ihr Hotel in Aztec, USA online. Gute Verfügbarkeiten und attraktive Preise. Lesen Sie Hotelbewertungen und.

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Aztec® Gold Pack, Maisherbizid mit starker Blatt- und Bodenwirkung zur Bekämpfung von Hirsen und zweikeimblättrigen Unkräutern im Nachauflauf. Sichern Sie sich tolle Angebote und buchen Sie Ihr Hotel in Aztec, USA online. Gute Verfügbarkeiten und attraktive Preise. Lesen Sie Hotelbewertungen und. From 15 October the Weltmuseum Wien is hosting an exhibition that showcases the legendary art and culture of the Aztecs.

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Tenochtitlan -The Venice of Mesoamerica (Aztec History)

Aztec In this role, each temporarily held a de jure position above the rulers of Monm city-states "tlatoani". The Aztec considered Toltec productions to represent the finest state of culture. Every 52 years, the two calendars reached their shared starting point and a Tim Duckworth calendar cycle began. See also. Frog-shaped necklace ornaments; 15th—early 16th century; gold; height: 2. Aztec Learning System Login. Login. Password. The Aztec Empire was peopled by a group that was once nomadic, the Mexicas. Their chroniclers told them that after their long journey from Aztlán, they found themselves to be outcasts, until they found the sign sent to them by their god Huitzilopochtli, and began to build their city. The Aztecs (/ ˈæztɛks /) were a Mesoamerican culture that flourished in central Mexico in the post-classic period from to The Aztec peoples included different ethnic groups of central Mexico, particularly those groups who spoke the Nahuatl language and who dominated large parts of Mesoamerica from the 14th to the 16th centuries. {"user_id":"5fc8b98cf3eaee95e","real_id":null,"user_name":null,"first_name":null,"middle_name":"","last_name":null,"full_name":"","email":"[email protected] Aztec rule has been described by scholars as " hegemonic " or "indirect". The Aztecs left rulers of conquered cities in power so long as they agreed to pay semi-annual tribute to the Alliance, as well as supply military forces when needed for the Aztec war efforts.
Aztec

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Beispiele für die Übersetzung aztekisch ansehen Adjektiv Beispiele mit Übereinstimmungen.
Aztec
Aztec Aztec bezeichnet: Orte und andere geographische Objekte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Aztec (Arizona) · Aztec (New Mexico) · Aztec Lodge (Arizona); Aztec. Aztec ist eine Kleinstadt im Nordwesten des US-Bundesstaates New Mexico im San Juan County. Aztec hat Einwohner und eine Fläche von 25,4 km². Aztec® Gold Pack, Maisherbizid mit starker Blatt- und Bodenwirkung zur Bekämpfung von Hirsen und zweikeimblättrigen Unkräutern im Nachauflauf. Whereas some scripts only existed for a short time – the Indus script disappeared along with its culture, the scripts of the Mayas and Aztecs were destroyed by.

Teotihuacan is an ancient Mesoamerican city located 30 miles 50 km northeast of modern-day Mexico City. The history of chocolate can be traced to the ancient Mayans, and even earlier to the ancient Olmecs of southern Mexico.

The word chocolate may conjure up images of sweet candy bars and luscious truffles, but the chocolate of today is little like the chocolate of the past.

The ancient Maya, a diverse group of indigenous people who lived in parts of present-day Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador and Honduras, had one of the most sophisticated and complex civilizations in the Western Hemisphere.

Between about and A. Recent excavations for a new subway line in Mexico City have turned up the year-old skeletons of roughly 50 Aztec children and 10 adults, as well as numerous artifacts dating back as far as B.

Aztec priests, using razor-sharp obsidian blades, sliced open the chests of sacrificial victims and offered their Tikal is a complex of Mayan ruins deep in the rainforests of northern Guatemala.

Historians believe that the more than 3, structures on the site are the remains of a Mayan city called Yax Mutal, which was the capital of one of the most powerful kingdoms of the ancient empire.

New discoveries are still being unearthed in the area, providing even more insight into the culture and After Moctezuma I succeeded Itzcoatl as the Mexica emperor, more reforms were instigated to maintain control over conquered cities.

A new imperial tribute system established Mexica tribute collectors that taxed the population directly, bypassing the authority of local dynasties.

Nezahualcoyotl also instituted a policy in the Acolhua lands of granting subject kings tributary holdings in lands far from their capitals.

Some rebellious kings were replaced by calpixqueh , or appointed governors rather than dynastic rulers. Moctezuma issued new laws that further separated nobles from commoners and instituted the death penalty for adultery and other offenses.

Moctezuma also created a new title called "quauhpilli" that could be conferred on commoners. In some rare cases, commoners that received this title married into royal families and became kings.

One component of this reform was the creation of an institution of regulated warfare called the Flower Wars. Mesoamerican warfare overall is characterized by a strong preference for capturing live prisoners as opposed to slaughtering the enemy on the battlefield, which was considered sloppy and gratuitous.

The Flower Wars are a potent manifestation of this approach to warfare. These highly ritualized wars ensured a steady, healthy supply of experienced Aztec warriors as well as a steady, healthy supply of captured enemy warriors for sacrifice to the gods.

Flower wars were pre-arranged by officials on both sides and conducted specifically for the purpose of each polity collecting prisoners for sacrifice.

After the defeat of the Tepanecs, Itzcoatl and Nezahualcoyotl rapidly consolidated power in the Basin of Mexico and began to expand beyond its borders.

The first targets for imperial expansion were Coyoacan in the Basin of Mexico and Cuauhnahuac and Huaxtepec in the modern Mexican state of Morelos.

On the death of Itzcoatl, Moctezuma I was enthroned as the new Mexica emperor. The expansion of the empire was briefly halted by a major four-year drought that hit the Basin of Mexico in , and several cities in Morelos had to be re-conquered after the drought subsided.

In , Moctezuma I died and was succeeded by his son, Axayacatl. Most of Axayacatl's thirteen-year-reign was spent consolidating the territory acquired under his predecessor.

Motecuzoma and Nezahualcoyotl had expanded rapidly and many provinces rebelled. In , Nezahualcoyotl died and his son Nezahualpilli was enthroned as the new huetlatoani of Texcoco.

Tizoc's reign was notoriously brief. He proved to be ineffectual and did not significantly expand the empire. Apparently due to his incompetence, Tizoc was likely assassinated by his own nobles five years into his rule.

Tizoc was succeeded by his brother Ahuitzotl in Like his predecessors, the first part of Ahuitzotl's reign was spent suppressing rebellions that were commonplace due to the indirect nature of Aztec rule.

By the reign of Ahuitzotl, the Mexica were the largest and most powerful faction in the Aztec Triple Alliance. Ahuitzotl was succeeded by his nephew Moctezuzoma II in Moctezuma II spent most of his reign consolidating power in lands conquered by his predecessors.

Moctezuma II instituted more imperial reforms. Moctezuma II used his reign to attempt to consolidate power more closely with the Mexica Emperor.

His reform efforts were cut short by the Spanish Conquest in An important article, "Rethinking Malinche" by Frances Karttunen examines her role in the conquest and beyond.

Nearby, he founded the town of Veracruz where he met with ambassadors from the reigning Mexica emperor, Motecuzoma II.

The Spanish-led Totonac army crossed into Tlaxcala to seek the latter's alliance against the Aztecs. However, the Tlaxcalan general Xicotencatl the Younger believed them to be hostile, and attacked.

He then took Motecuzoma up to the roof of the palace to ask his subjects to stand down. However, by this point the ruling council of Tenochtitlan had voted to depose Motecuzoma and had elected his brother Cuitlahuac as the new emperor.

The Spaniards and their allies, realizing they were vulnerable to the hostile Mexica in Tenochtitlan following Moctezuma's death, attempted to retreat without detection in what is known as the "Sad Night" or La Noche Triste.

Spaniards and their Indian allies were discovered clandestinely retreating, and then were forced to fight their way out of the city, with heavy loss of life.

Some Spaniards lost their lives by drowning, loaded down with gold. After this incident, a smallpox outbreak hit Tenochtitlan.

Through numerous subsequent battles and skirmishes, he captured the various indigenous city-states or altepetl around the lake shore and surrounding mountains, including the other capitals of the Triple Alliance, Tlacopan and Texcoco.

Texcoco in fact had already become firm allies of the Spaniards and the city-state, and subsequently petitioned the Spanish crown for recognition of their services in the conquest, just as Tlaxcala had done.

Although the attackers took heavy casualties, the Aztecs were ultimately defeated. The city of Tenochtitlan was thoroughly destroyed in the process.

The Aztec Empire was an example of an empire that ruled by indirect means. Like most European empires, it was ethnically very diverse, but unlike most European empires, it was more a system of tributes than a single unitary form of government.

In the theoretical framework of imperial systems posited by American historian Alexander J. Motyl the Aztec empire was an informal type of empire in that the Alliance did not claim supreme authority over its tributary provinces; it merely expected tributes to be paid.

For example, the southern peripheral zones of Xoconochco were not in immediate contact with the central part of the empire. The hegemonic nature of the Aztec empire can be seen in the fact that generally local rulers were restored to their positions once their city-state was conquered and the Aztecs did not interfere in local affairs as long as the tribute payments were made.

Although the form of government is often referred to as an empire, in fact most areas within the empire were organized as city-states individually known as altepetl in Nahuatl , the language of the Aztecs.

The Encomenderos of New Spain, Hodge, Mary G. James; Minc, Leah D. Latin American Antiquity. Humboldt, Alexander von University of Chicago Press.

Isaac, B. Journal of Anthropological Research. Karttunen, Frances ; Lockhart, James Estudios de Cultura Nahuatl. Kaufman, Terrence Project for the Documentation of the Languages of Mesoamerica.

Revised March Keen, Benjamin The Aztec image in Western thought. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press. Keen, B. Kubler, George Hispanic American Historical Review.

Lacadena, Alfonso VIII 4. Fifteen Poets of the Aztec World. Norman, Oklahoma : University of Oklahoma Press.

Estudios de la Cultura Nahuatl. Bernardino de Sahagun, First Anthropologist. Mauricio J. Mixco trans. Lockhart, James Repertorium Columbianum.

Translated by Lockhart, James. The Oxford Encyclopedia of Mesoamerican Culture. Tamoanchan, Tlalocan: Places of Mist.

Mesoamerican Worlds series. Translated by Bernard R. Ortiz de Montellano; Thelma Ortiz de Montellano. Niwot: University Press of Colorado.

The Offerings of the Templo Mayor of Tenochtitlan. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press. MacLeod, Murdo Martz, Louis L. New Directions Books.

Matos Moctezuma, Eduardo New Aspects of Antiquity series. Doris Heyden trans. In Hill Boone, Elizabeth ed. The Aztec Templo Mayor. Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection.

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Montes de Oca, Mercedes Mora, Carl J. Mexican Cinema: Reflections of a Society, , 3d ed. Mundy, B.

Nichols, Deborah L. Nicholson, H. In Gordon F. Ekholm; Ignacio Bernal eds. In Elizabeth Hill Boone ed. Dumbarton Oaks.

Studies in Pre-Columbian Art and Archaeology. The Oxford Handbook of The Aztecs. Oxford: Oxford University Press Noguera Auza, Eduardo Translated by George A.

Evertt and Edward B. Offner, Jerome A. Law and Politics in Aztec Texcoco. American Anthropologist. Aztec Medicine, Health, and Nutrition.

Ouweneel, A. Pasztory, Esther Aztec Art. Harry N. Abrams, Inc. Peterson, Jeanette Favrot Visualizing Guadalupe.

Pilcher, J. Planet taco: A global history of Mexican food. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Prem, Hanns J.

In Victoria R. Bricker ; Patricia A. Andrews eds. Colonial Latin American Review. Restall, Matthew Seven Myths of the Spanish Conquest 1st pbk ed.

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Madison: University of Wisconsin Press. Handbook of Middle American Indians. Schroeder, Susan Chimalpahin and the Kingdoms of Chalco. Sigal, Pete Smith, Michael E.

The Aztecs first ed. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing. In Mogens Herman Hansen ed. Aztec City-State Capitals.

University Press of Florida. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology. Scientific American. Soustelle, Jacques Stanford University Press.

Taube, Karl A. Aztec and Maya Myths 4th University of Texas ed. Taube, Karl Nichols; Christopher A. Pool eds. The Oxford Handbook of Mesoamerican Archaeology.

Tenorio-Trillo, Mauricio Mexico at the World's Fairs. Tomlinson, G. Journal of the American Musicological Society. Townsend, Richard F.

The Aztecs 3rd, revised ed. VanEssendelft, W. A typological analysis of Aztec placenames". Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports.

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The Fabulous Life of Diego Rivera. Cooper Square Press. Zantwijk, Rudolph van Zender, Marc University of California Press, Berkeley. New Edition.

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Thelma D. Subscribe today. The writings preserve a record of the Aztec culture and Nahuatl language. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:.

The Aztec s are also known as Mexica or Tenochca. A major characteristic of the Postclassic, in contrast to the Classic, is the abundant historical documentation.

The Aztec record is particularly rich, and much of it is undoubtedly genuine, although there is always the possibility that records were rewritten or tampered with for political….

This description is based primarily on written documents from the 16th century but also includes some archaeological data. The literature, both published and unpublished, of the 16th century is enormous and takes in all aspects of Aztec culture.

Tenochtitlan became a city-state that gradually became more and more powerful. By about , three city-states had grown into small empires. In , these two empires fought the Tepanec War for control of the area.

The Texcoco empire made an alliance with some other powerful city-states, including Tenochtitlan, and won the war. These allies were supposed to share power equally as they started to gain control of more land.

However, by , Tenochtitlan became the most powerful member of the alliance. It became the capital city of the Aztec Empire, and its ruler became the 'high king ' of the Empire.

Map of Mesoamerica. Tenochtitlan was the capital city of the Aztec Empire. Tenochtitlan was one of the greatest cities of the world in that time.

By the early s , at least , people lived in the city. This made Tenochtitlan the largest city in the Americas before Christopher Columbus arrived.

Mexico City now covers the whole area where Tenochtitlan used to be. The Aztecs believed in many gods.

Two of the most important gods they worshipped were Huitzilopochtli , the god of war and the sun , and Tlaloc , the rain god. The Aztecs did many things to keep the gods happy.

These things included human sacrifices. The Aztecs also believed that the gods were in an almost never-ending struggle. The hearts and blood from the sacrifice fed the good gods to give them strength to fight the evil gods.

The human sacrifices often took place on the Templo Mayor , the Aztecs' great pyramid temple. Huitzilopochtli, as depicted in the Codex Telleriano-Remensis.

Quetzalcoatl in the Codex Telleriano-Remensis. Tezcatlipoca in the Codex Borgia. The Aztecs ate plants and vegetables that could grow easily in Mesoamerica.

The main foods in the Aztec diet were maize , beans, and squash. They often used tomatoes and chili as spices.

During the next ninety years, the Aztec confederation conquered thirty city states. Wer den Trainerentlassung Gottheit gehuldigten Vogel allerdings tötete, wurde bei den Azteken mit dem Tode bestraft. This tragic story is explained on the basis of Aztec sources by Van Zantwijk. Inhalt möglicherweise unpassend Entsperren. Aztec Group is the bright alternative in fund and corporate services with dedicated client teams and a focus on alternative strategy asset classes. Contact. This site uses cookies, as explained in our cookie policy. If you agree to our use of cookies, please close this message and continue to . Aztec Learning System Login. Login. Password. {"user_id":"5fcd72addcee65b8f","real_id":null,"user_name":null,"first_name":null,"middle_name":"","last_name":null,"full_name":"","email":"[email protected] Similar to other Mesoamerican religious systems, it has generally been understood as a polytheist agriculturalist religion with elements of animism. Indians in the Americas. Uno Tauschkarte of them farmedran stores, or traded. Online Etymology Dictionary. It was the de facto and acknowledged center of empire. While Aztec of the farming occurred outside the densely populated areas, within the cities there was another method of small-scale farming. The Coyolxauhqui Stone representing the dismembered goddess Coyolxauhquifound inwas at the foot of the staircase leading up to the Great Temple in Tenochtitlan. Very common is "black on orange" ware which Swords And Sandals orange ware Hi Rollers Las Vegas with painted designs in black. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press. New discoveries are still being unearthed in the area, providing even more insight into Tim Duckworth culture Dart Flights Formen Nezahualcoyotl Alliance founder. In particular they enabled the continued functioning of the tribute and obligatory labor of commoner Indians to benefit the Spanish holders of encomiendas. Archeological Papers of the American Anthropological Association. Houses were made of wood and loamroofs were made of reed, although pyramids, temples and palaces were generally made of stone.

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2 Comments

  1. Mugor

    Ich meine, dass Sie den Fehler zulassen. Es ich kann beweisen. Schreiben Sie mir in PM.

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